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The engine of automobiles always heats up every time when the explosion occurs in high temperature. Therefore, it is necessary to cool it down to a suitable temperature like between 80 and 100 degrees Celsius when an explosion runs for a long time successively in the engine. The radiator works for cooling down the engine to these temperature zone. Most of engines are water-cooled in general except some air-cooled and electric cars such as classic Porsche and Nissan Leaf.image1 Continue reading “ROLE AND STRUCTURE OF THE RADIATOR” »

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Automotive Brands To Watch In 2016

As 2015 wrapped up there were many exciting developments on the horizon in the automotive industry, portending well for the early months of 2016. Some of the more promising developments that 2015 teased us with are the re-introduction of the Continental sedan by Lincoln and Genesis-branded products from Hyundai like the G90 and G80. When you add to that list the new DB11 coming from Aston Martin and Bugatti's Chiron hypercar, you can see how exciting 2016 is going to be! Believe it or not, those are not the brands that have the most interesting draw. There are five other automakers that promise to have a coming year that should be eventful, even pivotal for their future.

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Emerging Technologies That Could Reduce Water Depletion And Our Dependence On Oil Reserves

It is a well known fact that our sun will mature and enter its red giant phase sometime within the next five billion years, devouring the inner planets, including Earth. At least one billion years before that our planet will beome so hot that humans can not live here. Those facts are far in the future, making them difficult for the average person to care about. Dangers that are more immediate are that we, as a species, currently indulge in wasteful energy policies and frivolously use finite resources. This has led to water shortages around the globe, climate change, and deforestation.image Continue reading “Emerging Technologies That Could Reduce Water Depletion And Our Dependence On Oil Reserves” »

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Green-Washing An Automaker? A Quick Look At The Volkswagen BUDD-e Concept

image-2Volkswagen is suffering under the crush of consumer and governmental wrath after it was revealed the company used  fraudulent data to produce the emissions numbers from its diesel engines for years. Sure, the company saved a few dollars in the development stages by using those fake computer chips, but what is that savings compared to the more than 92 billion euros it will cost to clean up the lawsuits the company now faces? Lawsuits and eco-fraud aside, VW is striving to put its best foot forward by introducing new concepts; a bit of business as usual from the automaker. One of the more interesting concepts the brand has introduced is the BUDD-e electric minivan.

Origins of the BUDD-e

VW began toying with the notion of reviving the iconic microbus back in 2001 when it introduced derivative concept vehicle at the Detroit Auto Show. The lukewarm reception at the show pushed the concept to the back burner. A decade later, VW trotted out the Bulli concept; a small electric van. The BUDD-e is a re-imagined evolution of that concept. Well, maybe if Bulli took steroids! 

Basics of the BUDD-e Concept


The BUDD-e concept is powered by a 101-kWh lithium-ion battery with an estimated range of 375 km. The battery can be fast-charged to 80 percent of its capacity in just 15 minutes. The concept has never   been road tested, but VW theorizes that it has a top speed of 150 km/h. Power is sent to all four wheels through two motors.

The concept vehicle is 460 cm long, approximately the same length as a VW Golf SportWagen. That is about 35 cm longer than an original Type 2, opening the chance that it could seat even more people. Modern crash standards nix that idea, allowing for just two rows of seats in the BUDD-e. The front row is a traditional set of buckets, but the rear is a wraparound pub booth sort of thing. The floor between the front and rear is carpeted and there is a large screen along the driver's side of the cabin. VW envisions a swiveling front passenger seat for further passenger engagement. The whole layout should remind automotive enthusiasts of the Stout Scarabs from the late 1930s.    

The BUDD-e was introduced at the Consumer Electronics Show(CES) in Las Vegas; so, as you would expect, it is full of technology, glitz, and glam. The design team opted for a gauge cluster and infotainment system that are one single unit that glares at the driver from the behind the steering column. The driver would be fed constant stimulus including: navigational prompts, entertainment details, and video streams from the e-mirror's cameras. That isn't cool enough, so the steering wheel is chock full of touchpads instead of buttons to control various aspects of the vehicle. The vehicle can also be controlled by voice-recognition, touchscreens, or gesture control. VW designers also believe the concept could eventually be connected to smart home security systems. After all, who doesn't want to be able to turn the lights on/off or change the temperature at home while driving?   

As if the interior wasn't as far from the microbus as a spaceship, the exterior veers further away. The Bulli mentioned earlier at least offered a two-tone paint job. The BUDD-e simply mimics what is in vogue today: a contrasting roof floating on blacked-out pillars. As close as BUDD-e comes to a microbus is a single sliding rear door. Somewhere there is a hippie crying in disappointment and who can blame him?

Building the Tech, Not the Vehicle


VW plans to incorporate several aspects of the BUDD-e into upcoming models. The MEB(Modularer Elektrischer Baukasten) architecture that supports the concept is designed to be used in all of VW's plug-in vehicles. Much like the MQB structure that currently supports VW's compact transverse-engine vehicles, the MEB frame is able to support passenger cars as well as light-duty commercial trucks and all of the body variations thereof. It uses a flat battery pack under the floor, a layout that is in no way original, but many manufacturers are betting on it to be the wave of the immediate future. VW does believe that it will have a mass-produced, all electric MEB-based vehicle on the market by 2020. The company goes so far as to say the vehicle will have a driving range that is similar to a petrol-powered ride. 

Timing of the Debut

The BUDD-e concept was introduced at CES just one day after the U.S. Department of Justice announced that it had filed suit against the automaker, joining several European agencies. Given the time it takes to build a concept, the timing is coincidental, but beneficial. VW now faces at least 92 billion euros in lawsuits, not to mention fines and penalties. It is easy to see the fallout from VW's emissions rigging taking down its entire diesel division. The warm-fuzzy feeling of nostalgia from a sort-of microbus concept and the green-tech that it is filled with may smooth over a few ruffled feathers, but it will not go far enough to keep VW from suffering huge financial losses for years to come. Green-washing a vehicle can only go so far. Nice try VW. 

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Top 10 Green Driving Tips

image-4Even as petrol prices fall, it remains important to be aware of what you can do as a driver to help increase the km/l that your car will deliver. We are still dealing with a finite fuel source, so we need to help it last as long as possible. Every government in the developed world has legislation that requires ever increasing fuel economy from automakers, but there are still several things that you can do to be a green driver and help your vehicle reach its rated fuel economy potential. To help you do everything possible, here are ten green driving tips that anyone can incorporate into their daily sojourn. Continue reading “Top 10 Green Driving Tips” »

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Cheap but utterly important: The fan belt

image1Serpentine belt is a mere maintenance item: Continue reading “Cheap but utterly important: The fan belt” »

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How it works: Multi-purpose belt moves cooling fan, alternator, crankshaft, water pump to make engine rotate properly

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(Image of one fan belt to cover all functions of V6-engine of Mercedes Benz) Continue reading “How it works: Multi-purpose belt moves cooling fan, alternator, crankshaft, water pump to make engine rotate properly” »

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A Quick Look At The 2016 Audi A8 Plus

By 1910, August Horch had been forced to leave the helm of his automobile manufacturing company. His penchant for racing and other behaviors that were considered to be too dangerous for the CEO of a company were the determining fa
ctors in his ouster. So, what is a man to do when his passions are racing and automobile manufacturing? Build another company, but give it a sports car pedigree of course. Thus Audi was born.image
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Benefits of changing battery: The Battery

Cost of changing battery:


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Regardless the types of engines including hybrid and electric cars, nothing moves without battery


Continue reading “Regardless the types of engines including hybrid and electric cars, nothing moves without battery” »

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