Commercial vehicles are one of the most used machines in the world. When we look at every day activities around us we would notice that these machines come in different sizes, yet one cannot fail to admit that they have really made our life easy by lifting and delivering all sorts of loads at super speed and strength than what an ordinary individual can do. Major construction sites and corporations around the globe rely on these monster machines to finish projects within the recorded timeline. However, with every use of these machines comes great maintenance for them to function at their normal levels. Trucks and buses move almost on a daily basis with wear and tear being applied to them frequently. They need to be serviced regularly and on time to avoid accelerated levels of breakdown. Commercial vehicles normally have frequent shorter service cycles in that they are always on the road as a result of that wear and tear takes its toll on them.
Basic Guide to Bus Maintenance
Apart from wear and tear when you take for instance in the case of buses, there is a bigger risk of passengers’ safety with those commercial buses that are not serviced regularly, which can endanger the lives of passengers than those that are properly maintained. Certain breakdowns such as tyre wear and tear, engine knock and other smaller damage are results of not changing oils and fluids. This can easily be avoided by strictly adhering to service rules and regulations in the owner’s service manual as every machine comes with strict rules on how one should use it and its only right that we should take time to read through and understand the contents. Moreover, drivers should always monitor certain bus safety items such as tires, wipers, horn, brakes, steering, etc. Other items can be general change in the sound of the engine, body damage, misfiring and cleanliness. It is also very important to inspect the truck/bus prior to, during and after a trip as unnoticed problems can cause a breakdown or unsafe condition.
Basic Guide to Truck Maintenance
There are three types of trucks in the world namely, light, medium and heavy duty trucks. Trucks are machines that can be quite expensive to maintain when handled in a wrong way. They also require proper adherence to regulations on service and maintenance and should only be done by a well-trained mechanic with specialization in that area. Trucks are very sensitive in nature and should be handled with proper care as they carry a lot of goods that can be a danger not only to oneself but also to everyone on the road. The following should be checked thoroughly and regularly replaced to increase the life span of a truck.
Oil filters and air filters. These should be changed whenever service is due as they contribute significantly to fuel consumption of the truck. Oil filters, as the name was derived from, are responsible for filtering the dirt in the engine, to remove any foreign particles, which usually get clogged up when oils are not clean, hence should be replaced regularly. Air filters remove dust particles from the air that is being taken for combustion, which should be changed to maintain complete proper fuel combustion. Engine oil is another fluid that should be changed on a regular basis as wear and tear is always seen through darkened engine oil.
Lastly in concluding this article I can’t emphasize enough the checking of the truck/bus owner’s manual for the manufacturers recommended maintenance times, however service and maintenance depend upon truck/bus operating conditions and that is either during normal or severe duty conditions. Trucks/buses that undergo severe duty conditions must always be properly maintained and checked after every trip. This can also be attributed to trucks/buses operating in off road or dusty conditions and those being used by multiple drivers such as fleet or pool operations. A properly maintained truck/bus provides the lowest operating cost. If a truck/bus is running poorly, it is prone to costly breakdowns, higher fuel cost and driver write-ups.
This article is written by BE FORWARD Supporters ID 235466 Mutimba Musonda in Zambia.
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