When purchasing a car, you must also be familiar with the type of vehicle you want to buy. Identifying what specific type you need for a car is quite important such as the engine size, cabin space, boot space, and the size of the car. The body style of the car is also important like the shape, a boxy or a tall one, and the number of doors. After all, there are hundreds of different models and plenty of car types, so it’s kind of challenging picking what car you would like and knowing them at the same time. That’s why you should read this article first to learn more about the type of vehicles and their uses.
15 Types of Vehicles and Their Uses
A sedan is a passenger car with two or four-door and common trunk or boot space. It has three separate sections for the cargo, engine, and passenger.
It is available in a variety of sizes from the subcompact version which is the smaller model, the compact version which is slightly bigger than the subcompact, the most common mid-size version with a size not too small or too small which was perfect for cruising with friends or family members, and the full-size version with plenty of space that can be classified as a wagon due to its large size. There is also the sports sedan which was designed with superb handling for the sporting or high-speed performance it offers.
A hatchback is a three or five-door with a rear flip-up hatch door instead of the normal trunk which provides easy access to the luggage area.
Other models of hatchbacks featured foldable seating in the second row to create extra space for the cargo area. Liftback is one of the hatchback versions with a slanted flip-up hatch door instead of the normal hatch door design. While the hot hatch is the high-performance or sporty version of the hatchback.
A minivan or multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) is popularly known as the people carrier or mover. It offers two or three rows of seating capacity with five large doors and plenty of space for passengers as well as decent headroom and legroom. Minivans usually have adjustable or foldable seats on the second or third row to provide large open cargo space.
A van is a five-door passenger car with a boxy shape that can be used for transporting people or goods. There are other versions of vans from the smallest vans or microvans like the Kei car of Japan, mini MPVs, compact minivan, minivan, and full-size van. These vans provide space for passengers and can also carry goods that are suitable for business. Another variant of the van is the step van which is usually used to only carry goods.
A sports utility vehicle (SUV) is a big and boxy car with a hatchback and SUV features such as the use of four-wheel drive, unibody construction, and increased ground clearance. It offers soft-roaders and off-roaders capabilities with comfort and space for passengers like an elevated seating position. It has a flip-up rear hatch door and is available in other sizes from subcompact, mid-size, and a full-size SUV.
A minibus is a passenger-carrying motorized vehicle also known as a mini-coach or commuter that is built to carry more passengers than a minivan or MPV though less than a full-size bus capacity. There is a microbus that is smaller than 8 meters and a larger minibus which is referred to as midibuses. Mini Buses can carry between 12 and 30 passengers.
A bus is a road vehicle used for public transport which was intended to carry a significant number of passengers than the normal vans. Buses can normally offer a seating capacity between 30 to 100 passengers like the minibus, though other models can have as high as 300 passengers like the single-deck rigid bus which is the most common use, then the two storeys double-decker bus, and the articulated bus with two rigid buses and seating capacity between 94 and 120 passengers.
The mini vehicle is a city car which is the smallest passenger car. It is called Kei car or a Japanese car in Japan and the A-segment in the European automotive market. It has a size of approximately 2.7 m to 3.7 m with a hatchback body style. The supermini car is slightly bigger than the city car with 3.7m to 4.1m size and also falls in the category of a small car.
A pickup truck is a two or four-door passenger cab with an open cargo area and tailgate in the rear. It is a car that can carry light or long loads which are meant to be used for business or personal use. The pickup truck usually used four-wheel drive for off-road use and it is available in four size variants: the compact or small pickup truck, mid-size, full-size, and heavy-duty pickup truck.
Jeep is a four-wheel-drive vehicle with off-road capabilities first known in the United States. It has a product range of SUVs, pickup trucks, and vans as well as some roadster cars. It is usually used for an outdoor lifestyle like climbing hills or any rough terrain. With its strength, durability, and stability it is useful even in bad weather on and off-road.
A coupe is a two or four-door passenger car with a slanted rear roofline and is also considered a sporty car. Some of the variations of the couple include the club coupe, Berlinetta, hardtop coupe, combi coupe, four-door fastback coupe, three-door coupe, opera coupe, three-window coupe, and coupe SUV.
A convertible is a two-door passenger car that can be driven with or without a roof and is considered a luxurious car. The three roof styles that are usually used for convertibles: the soft top is made of flexible textile material like canvas, polyester, rubber, or leather, the detachable hardtop with removable rigid hardtop which was the less commonly used type, and the retractable hardtop with the use of a mechanical system to automatically fold down in the rear of the vehicle.
A truck or also known as a lorry is an automotive vehicle used to carry light or heavy loads and perform other practical work. It has a body-on-frame layout with great power, engine, and size which is suitable for any labor or commercial work. There are three types of road trucks from light trucks which are smaller trucks weighing 00001 – 14000 lb, medium trucks weighing 14001 – 26000 lb, and heavy-duty trucks like dump trucks, concrete transport trucks, or tank trucks weighing 26001 – 33000lb.
A wagon is also known as an estate car in the UK with five-door and was first built in the 1910s. It can be used as a family car, commercial or business transport, and prioritize cargo space and practicality over aerodynamics or style. It has two separate parts: the joined interior volume of a passenger as well as cargo area and the engine. A few models offer a foldable tailgate, a retractable roof to fit tall objects, and foldable rear seats for more space in the cargo area.
Machinery or a heavy-duty vehicle is specifically built to use for earthwork operations or large construction tasks. Due to its heavy equipment and size, it can only be driven by skilled or professional workers with enough training to use the heavy vehicle. Some of the examples of heavy-duty vehicles are lowboy or semi-trailer, tractors, bulldozers, and forklifts.
Having some knowledge about the types of vehicles as well as their uses is important when considering purchasing a specific car, after all, it may come in handy in the long run. Besides, it will be easy to choose from a hundred models and brands if you know what type of car you need. You can visit the BE FORWARD store for more information on any type of car you want.
Written by: Esther Abranilla